Raspberry Pi with multiboot (multiple rootfs)

One question that I receive (from my friends, myself and people that install archlinux at 3am) appears every time. How to create a multiboot architecture inside a sdcard for the Raspberry Pi ?

After a boring day doing some unrelated stuff out of home, and with 1h free to do something before sleep and eating (heating my frozen lasagna), why not solving that ~~secular~~ question that follow me ?

I took some time to think about it: maybe doing something related to the archlinux boot section, or with noobs, and maybe with BerryBoot.

With 1h-ish free I did remove all non-trivial ways.

Doing the hard stuff with no sweat

So, the idea now is to break everything and try something new. Use Raspbian image, create a second rootfs partition, change the rootfs in /boot, sounds simple, easy and fast !

  1. Download Raspbian (I did everything with Raspbian stretch lite).

  2. Burn the sdcard with Etcher (I like dd, but Etcher is so simple!).

  3. Use gparted to create a second partition with the same configuration of the /rootfs one ! (rootfs2).

    LaKademy2017

  4. Make a copy of our old rootfs. sudo cp /mount_point_of_rootfs/* /mount_point_of_rootfs2/* -r

  5. Now, with everything ready, we should update the partuuid values of /etc/fstab and /boot/cmdline.txt. (sudo blkid)

    /dev/mmcblk0p1: LABEL="boot" UUID="3725-1C05" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="0155ef5b-01"
    /dev/mmcblk0p2: LABEL="rootfs" UUID="fd695ef5-f047-44bd-b159-2a78c53af20a" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="0155ef5b-02"
    /dev/mmcblk0p3: LABEL="rootfs2" UUID="3da53eaa-4044-4554-8052-0f8c225f7b8c" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="0155ef5b-03"
    
  6. With all partitions mounted, update:

    • /boot/cmdline.txt: partuuid of /rootfs to 0155ef5b-02
    • /rootfs/etc/fstab: partuuid of /boot to 0155ef5b-01 and / to 0155ef5b-02
    • /rootfs2/etc/fstab: partuuid of /boot to 0155ef5b-01 and / to 0155ef5b-03
  7. To change which rootfs you want to boot, just need to change the suffix of the partuuid in /boot/cmdline.txt.

The 01 suffix is the boot partition (/boot), 02 is our "recovery" partition with 700MB free (/rootfs), and our last and probably the "main" partition with 13GB free is the one with 03 suffix (/rootfs2).

Notes